Video

Miyashita Sensei - Language Class 14: Like, Understand, Be good at

 Please view previous lessons for additional vocabulary and grammar.

In this lesson sensei goes over 3 important verbs and their different levels. Suki (to like), Wakarimasu (to understand) and Jouzu (to be good at). So please try them out whenever you have the opportunity!

http://www.japansociety.org/page/programs/language_center

Summary:

Jouzu / じょうず・上手 / to be good at
Suki / すき・好き / to like
Wakarimasu / わかります・分かります / to understand

Basic structure:

(Subject) wa (noun) ga (jouzu/suki/wakarimasu) (desu - with jouzu and suki) conjugate verbs for past/present/negative tense

たなかさんはスキーがじょうずです/Tanaka-san wa sukii ga jouzu desu
Mr. Tanaka is good at skiiing.

たなかさんはスキーがすきです/Tanaka-san wa sukii ga suki desu
Mr. Tanaka likes skiiing.

たなかさんはフランスごがわかります/Tanaka-san wa furansugo ga wakarimasu
Mr. Tanaka knows (understands) French.

Present/Negative/Past/Past Negative:

じょうずです/jouzu desu - (subject) is good at
じょうずではありません/jouzu dewa arimasen - (subject) is not good at
じょうずでした/jouzu deshita - (subject) was good at
じょうずではありませんでした/jouzu dewa arimasen deshita - (subject) was not good at

すきです/suki desu - (subject) likes
すきではありません/suki dewa arimasen - (subject) does not like
すきでした/suki deshita - (subject) liked
すきではありませんでした/suki dewa arimasen deshita - (subject) did not like

わかります/wakarimasu - (subject) understands
わかりません/wakarimasen - (subject) does not understand
わかりました/wakarimashita - (subject) understood
わかりませんでした/wakarimasen deshita - (subject) did not understand

Levels/Degrees:

あまり(じょうずではありません)/ amari (jouzu dewa arimasen) - not so good at
だいすき/daisuki - love
とても(すきです)/ totemo (suki desu) - likes very much
あまり(すきではありません)/ amari (suki dewa arimasen) - not like very much
きらい/kirai - hates (does not like, strongly)
すこし(わかります)/sukoshi (wakarimasu) - knows a little
あまり(わかりません)/does not know very much
ぜんぜん(わかりません)/does not know at all

kirai - hate
zenzen - not at all
amari - not very much
sukoshi - a little
totemo - very much
daisuki - love

Other:

わかいとき/wakai toki - when (subject) was young

For more information about Japanese language classes at the Japan Society, please visit our website! Also, be sure to check out our other language videos and be sure to subscribe if you enjoy!

http://www.japansociety.org/language_center

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