Language Lesson

Uki Uki mini 4

Q1 from MyLifeA Jie: How to place words in Japanese?

Between English and Japanese sentences, the word order often feels like the opposite. The number 1 rule is that the verb comes at the end of the sentence in Japanese. Remember also that we need particles, which indicate the grammatical function of words. For example, the direct object is followed by the particle o.

(Watashi wa ko-hi- o nomimasu.)
I drink coffee.

(Naomi-san wa furansugo o hanashimasu.)
Naomi speaks French.

(Sensei wa kyou shukudai o dashimasendeshita.)
My teacher didn’t give homework today.

You can also include information such as time, place, with whom, etc., with the corresponding particles. Please check out Uki Uki Lesson 17 video on the basic sentence structure.

Q2 from Dylan Carroll: how to say “It depends” (on weather/time/money)

A coworker asks you “Are you thinking of going away this summer?” You want to respond “Hm, it depends on (something).” In Japanese, that’s …niyorimasu.

(Kazoku no yotei ni yorimasu.) It depends on my family's achedules.
(Jiki ni yorimasu.) It depends on the timing.
(Hiyou ni yorimasu.) It depends on the cost.
(Basho ni yorimasu.) It depends on the place.
You can also say (Baai ni yorimasu.) It depends on the case.

Q3 from Kyle Blythe: What does small tsu do?

When we have double consonants such as tt, kk, ss, pp, etc., we use the small tsu. It creates a small pause between sounds. Here are some examples.

(otto) husband vs (oto) sound
(kitte) postal stamp vs (kite) Come here.
(sakka) writer vs (saka) slope

The pronunciation is similar, but remember they are different words.

Q4 from Edith Cortes: common classroom expressions

Below are some of the expressions often used in the classroom.

(…wa nihongo de nan desuka?) What is (blank) in Japanese?
(Mou ichido itte kudasai.) Please say it again.
(Motto yukkuri, onegai shimasu.) Slower, please.
(…ga wakarimasen.) I don't understand ...
(…o oshiete kudasai.) Please teach me ... 

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