Language Lesson

Uki Uki mini 5

Q1 from Bud E: What are some of the differences between male speech and female speech in Japanese?

Many factors influence the way people speak Japanese, e.g. the speaker's gender, age, personality, region, etc. These differences can be seen in vocabulary or in sentence-final particles. Here are some examples. (Please note that these will vary by the speaker's age group as well.)

To say “Huh?” when you’re surprised or noticed something...
Women may say (Ara?)
Men: (O?)
Men & women: (Are?)

To casually say “Yeah, I agree.”...
Women: (Soune)
Men: (Soudana)
Unisex: (Soudane)

To casually say “that person”...
Women: (ano hito)
Men may say: (aitsu)

To casually say “That’s not good” when you’re criticizing something...
Women: (Sore wa yoku naiwa) *with rising intonation
Men: (Sore wa yoku naiwa) *falling intonation, or (Sore wa yoku naidaro)
Unisex: (Sore wa yoku naine)

Q2 from M1chael0311: How do you use the superlative?

To say “the most...” is usually (ichiban). It goes with any i adjectives or na adjectives. You can also attach some commonly-used adjectives and other words to the Kanji sai, which means “the most.”

(saikyou) the strongest
(saiaku) the worst
(saikou) the best
(saigo) the last
(saiai) the beloved, e.g. (saiai no tsuma) means “My dear wife”

Q3 from Sissou: How do you say “He taught me how to play chess”?

When somebody does you a favor and you're thankful for it, you use one of the giving & receiving grammar points, “tekureru.”

If you just say (Kare wa watashi ni chesu o oshieta), it doesn’t sound so natural because it doesn’t convey any feeling of gratitude as it should in this context. To make the sentence better, say (Kare wa watashi ni chesu o oshiete kureta.)

Here is another example: “My mom baked my favorite cake for me on my birthday”
(Okaasan ga watashi no tanjoubi ni daisukina keeki o yaite kureta.)

Q4 from rumidita: What's the difference between two ways to write "egg" in Kanji?

The Kanji for “egg” can be either tamago (tamago) or tamago (tamago) in Japanese. The biological term is tamago, which refers to the original state of egg that’s still in the shell, possibly hatching. tamago, on the other hand, refers to the egg after it’s cooked. So the egg in an omelet, frattata, quiiche, etc., is written as tamago.

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