Language Lesson

Uki Uki NihonGO + Culture! - Lesson 24 - Usagi Holmes 1: A Study in Verbs

 ???? NihonGO! Lesson #24 Usagi Holmes 1: A Study in Verbs
Welcome to Uki Uki NihonGO! + Culture.

Today, we are focusing on verb groups in Japanese.

Japanese present-tense affirmative, present negative, past affirmative, and past negative conjugate like this.
Polite Japanese: verb endings (masu, masen, mashita, masendeshita).
Casual Japanese: verb endings (Dictionary form, nai, ta, nakatta)

In this video, we’ll focus on the dictionary form of verbs because it’s the easiest to identify.

All Japanese verbs are categorized into three verb groups: Irregular verbs, "ru" verbs, and "u" verbs.

1. Irregular verbs: There are only 2 irregular verbs in Japanese.
suru: to do (very versatile when combined with an action noun)
kuru: to come (a few variations)

2. ?verbs can only have 2 patterns:
e-ru ending (e.g. taberu, neru, kakeru)
i-ru ending (e.g. miru, dekiru, ochiru)

3. "u" verbs are the biggest verb group. This includes:
All non ru-ending verbs (e.g. nomu, kaku)
a-ru, u-ru, and o-ru ending verbs (e.g. aru, okuru, tsumoru)
*Some exceptions

*Those exceptions are tricky "u"verbs that “sound like” a "ru"verb because of e-ru or i-ru endings.
Luckily, there aren’t too many of those exceptions, so just memorize them and remember that they are "u" verbs.
e.g.  hashiru, shiru,  kaeru, shaberu, etc.

Knowing how to identify verb groups correctly will come in handy when you use any verb expressions.

Hope you enjoyed this video. :)
Please let us know what you think in the comments below.

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