Language Lesson

Uki Uki NihonGO + Culture! - Lesson 27 - Audience Questions

Welcome to Uki Uki NihonGO! + Culture

Q.1 How do you use the verbs arimasu and imasu?
Both verbs mean “There is/are.”
You use arimasu for inanimate objects, and imasu for animate objects.

Examples of arimasu:
(Isu ga arimasu.) There is a chair.
(Chiizu keeki ga arimasu.) There is some cheesecake.

Examples of ???:
(Gakusei ga imasu.) There are students.
(Ima kyoushitsu ni Tanaka-san ga imasu.) There is Mr. Tanaka in the classroom right now.

arimasu and imasu can also be translated as “I have...”

(Neko ga imasu.) I have a cat. / There is a cat.

Q.2 How is the Japanese “R” pronounced?

Even though Japanese words are romanized using “R,” the pronunciation is actually a lot closer to “L” than “R” in English. So it’s a good idea to substitute in your mind all the “R”s with “L”s when you speak Japanese.

(ronri) – try to read it more like “lonli”
(ruriiro) – read it like “luliilo”
(ryakusu) – read it like “lyakusu”
(ryuugaku) – read it like “lyuugaku”
(ryouri) – read it like “lyouli”

Also, be care of the difference between “su” and “tsu” as they sound quite similar.

When saying loan words, “V” needs to be substituted with the B.
(bideo) video
(baiorin – read it like baiolin) violin

“F” and “PH” tend to be replaced with “H.”
(fuudo – read it like huudo) food
(sofa – read it like sohuaa) sofa
 (iyahon) earphones

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